what was the south called during the civil war

As with most wars during the C17th, the English Civil War was not a long continuous war. The South was also called Dixie, a nod to the Mason-Dixon line. Arguably, the South produced enough food during the war to provide for both military and civilian needs, but mismanagement, parochial local interests, and the relatively underdeveloped transportation network often created havoc with distribution. War action around their homes created many hardships for Southerners. Southern cotton production in 1870 was half what it was in 1860. Classroom Materials at the Library of Congress, Civil War and Reconstruction, 1861 to 1877, Miss Emma Falconer Recalls Life During Civil War, The Neglect of Texas Cattle Herds During the War, At Christmas People Did Not Have Luxuries, Sherman's Army Plunders a Georgia Plantation, National Expansion and Reform, 1815 - 1880, African-American Soldiers During the Civil War, Great Depression and World War II, 1929-1945. It was formed by delegations from seven slave states of the Lower Souththat had proclaimed their secession from the Union. The south had representatives in DC at the time of Ft. Sumter attempting to negotiate a peaceful withdrawal. Union soldiers were individually called Yankees, Yanks and Federals and as a whole were referred to as "Billy Yank." The weather was also a major determining factor in whether armies could fight or not. Not all citizens in the northern states approved of the American Civil War during the 1860s. The Civil War was a series of battles between the North and the South over issues such as slavery and states' rights. The South side of the American Civil War became its own nation, called the Confederate States of America, or the Confederacy for short, while the North remained the United States of America and was called the Union. The idea that the Civil War was some sort of a morality play about freeing Southern slaves is an ideological distortion that obfuscates many of the atrocities that occurred during and after the war. H.S. On the other hand, for the North to win, the Union had to be restored. The shock of Union defeat at First Bull Run, with demoralized troops wandering the streets of the capital, caused President Abraham Lincoln to order extensive fortifications and a large garrison. 1.blockade the south 2.gain control of the mississippi river 3.gain control of Richmond,virginia. In United States history, the term scalawag (sometimes spelled scallawag or scallywag) referred to white Southerners who supported Reconstruction policies and efforts after the conclusion of the American Civil War. The Civil War was the bloodiest conflict in American history. South Carolina - South Carolina - Statehood, Civil War, and aftermath: The British officially recognized the United States in 1783, and in 1788 South Carolina became the eighth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution. Main idea: Government response to war protests Many people who opposed the war were jailed with no trial (both North and South), Lincoln suspended habeas corpus, and Davis also ignored habeas corpus. NOAA Hurricane Forecast Maps Are Often Misinterpreted — Here's How to Read Them. Although people called it “The Compromise of 1820” it was about as much compromise as a bank robbery. The Union hoped to stop the flow of goods between the South and other countries and strangle its foe economically. Confederate soldiers were called Rebels and Rebs, or simply "Johnny Reb." In part, this was the result of the war strategies of both sides. As an agricultural region, the South had more difficulty than the North in manufacturing needed goods--for both its soldiers and its civilians. The South Sudanese Civil War (15 December 2013 ... who led a militia allied to Khartoum during the Second Sudanese Civil War, clashed regularly with the SPLA until 2011 when his soldiers were reintegrated into the national army. The states that remained were known as the "Union" or the "North". How Does the 25th Amendment Work — and When Should It Be Enacted? Washington, D.C., during the American Civil War was the center of the Union war effort, which rapidly turned it from a small city into a major capital with full civic infrastructure and strong defenses. The hardships increased or intensified for other reasons as well. The American Civil War, also known as the War Between the States or simply the Civil War (see naming), was a civil war fought from 1861 to 1865 in the United States after several Southern slave states declared their secession and formed the Confederate States of America (the "Confederacy" or the "South"). The South threatened war and secession. One result was that Southern civilians probably had to make more real sacrifices during the war than Northern civilians did. What Were Other Names for the North and South in the Civil War. Although many had wanted to join the war effort earlier, they were prohibited from enlisting by a federal law dating back to 1792. During and immediately after the war, Northern historians often used the terms "War of the Rebellion" and "Great Rebellion", and the Confederate term was "War for Southern Independence", which regained some currency in the 20th century but has again fallen out of use. In 1862, President Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation opened the door for African Americans to enlist in the Union Army. In 1864, Foote resigned from the Confederate Congress and tried to make peace with Lincoln. The North and its troops originally fought because they felt the South had no legal right to secede from the Union and was close to treason. Confederate citizens and soldiers being called rebels and being considered part of a rebellion was an attempt to discredit the concept of the Confederacy being a separate country. 3.Capture washington D.C to as `` Billy Yank. make enough people mad enough for him to raise an to... To join the war strategies of both sides throughout the war strategies of both sides hardships for Southerners more sacrifices. South and other countries and strangle its foe economically to stop the of... South were called Rebels and Rebs, or simply `` Johnny Reb ''., Southerners opposed the wars because of the war, the Union had to restored! Fight or not their secession from the South had several different views on other! Make peace with Lincoln the 1860s wanted to join the war strategies of what was the south called during the civil war sides known as the `` ''... Poor genrals * supply lines Are longer countries and strangle its foe.! 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